Elite Sinerji-Blog-Interesting Facts About Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus, also known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, has a diverse heritage that includes influences from ancient Assyrians, Romans, Persians, and Byzantines. This rich history is reflected across Northern Cyprus's landscape, making it a unique place to call home.

Historical and Cultural Significance: Northern Cyprus is steeped in history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the Neolithic Stone Age. This rich history is evident in its numerous archaeological sites and historical landmarks. The island of Cyprus, inclusive of the North, was once a British colony, which has influenced many aspects of its culture, such as driving on the left side, and the widespread use of the English language.

Capital City Nicosia: Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, holds the unique distinction of being the only divided capital city in Europe since the fall of the Berlin Wall. The city is split into northern Turkish Cypriot and southern Greek Cypriot sections, separated by a buffer zone maintained by the United Nations. This division is emblematic of the island's complex political history and ongoing efforts to resolve territorial disputes.

Natural Beauty and Biodiversity: Northern Cyprus is renowned for its beautiful, sandy beaches and the rugged Karpaz Peninsula, which is home to several rare animal and plant species. The region is a vital nesting ground for sea turtles, adding to its ecological significance. The area's biodiversity is further enriched by more than 1,950 species of flowering plants, of which 140 are endemic, found only in Cyprus.

Cultural Traditions and Arts: Northern Cyprus has a vibrant cultural scene, influenced by its history and geographical location. Poetry is a particularly significant form of literature, with multiple prominent Turkish Cypriot poets contributing to its rich literary heritage. Additionally, traditional crafts like Lefkara Lace, a handcrafted lace included in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage List, showcase the region's dedication to preserving its unique cultural practices.

Economic Aspects: Despite not being a member of the European Union, unlike the southern part of Cyprus, Northern Cyprus benefits from a lower cost of living. The official currency is the Turkish Lira, but due to the historical British influence, the British Pound is also commonly used. The economy of Northern Cyprus is primarily supported by industries such as tourism, agriculture, and education.

Educational Hub: The region has emerged as an educational center, with more than 100,000 students enrolled annually in over 20 universities. These institutions attract a diverse student body from various countries, contributing to the region's cultural diversity and economic vitality. The presence of these universities also underscores Northern Cyprus's commitment to higher education and research.

Religious and Linguistic Diversity: Islam is the official religion in Northern Cyprus, practiced by approximately 98% of the population. However, the region's history as a British colony has resulted in English being widely spoken and understood, alongside Turkish, the main spoken language. This linguistic diversity is a testament to the region's multicultural heritage.

Unique Culinary Delights: Northern Cyprus offers a unique culinary experience, influenced by its Mediterranean location and cultural blend. The region is known for dishes that combine Turkish, Greek, and Middle Eastern flavors. Local specialties include traditional brandy sour cocktail, a unique blend created originally for Egyptian King Farouk during his visit in 1947.


Architectural Landmarks: The region is dotted with historical and architectural landmarks, such as the Othello Tower in Famagusta and the Selimiye Mosque in Nicosia. These sites not only attract tourists but also serve as reminders of the area's rich historical tapestry, encompassing influences from various empires and cultures that have ruled over Cyprus throughout the centuries.

Safety and Quality of Life: Northern Cyprus is noted for its low crime rate, making it one of the safest places in the world. The lifestyle here is characterized by a relaxed pace, with the local expression “yavash-yavash” meaning “no hurry – you will have time,” reflecting the laid-back mentality. This relaxed atmosphere, combined with the scenic beauty and cultural richness, makes Northern Cyprus an appealing destination for both visitors and residents.